author = {Raphael Pham and Stephan Kiesling and Olga Liskin and Leif Singer
	and Kurt Schneider},
  title = {{E}nablers, {I}nhibitors, and {P}erceptions of {T}esting in {N}ovice
	{S}oftware {T}eams},
  booktitle = {22th International Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering
	(FSE 2014), Hong Kong, China},
  year = {2014},
  abstract = {There are many different approaches to testing software, with different
	benefits for software quality and the development process. Yet, it
	is not well understood what developers struggle with when getting
	started with testing--and why some do not test at all or not as much
	as would be good for their project. This missing understanding keeps
	us from improving processes and tools to help novices adopt proper
	testing practices. We conducted a qualitative study with 97 computer
	science students. Through interviews, we explored their experiences
	and attitudes regarding testing in a collaborative software project
	lasting four months. In our study, we found enabling and inhibiting
	factors for testing activities, the different testing strategies
	they used, and novices' perceptions and attitudes of testing. We
	found that students push test automation to the end of the project,
	thus robbing themselves from the advantages of having a test suite
	during implementation. Students were not convinced of the return
	of investment in automated tests and opted for laborious manual tests--which
	they often regretted in the end. Understanding such challenges and
	opportunities novices face when confronted with adopting testing
	can help us improve testing processes, company policies, and tools.
	Our findings provide recommendations that can enable organizations
	to facilitate the adoption of testing practices by their members.}